Second World WarTrieste, visiting the sites of the Second World War
Trieste, visiting the sites of the Second World War
The itinerary includes the most significant places in Trieste’s history between 1943 and 1954.
The tour starts on the shores where on 3 November 1918 the Italian infantry landed at the end of the Resurgence period; it continues along the coastal elevated road, till it reaches the National Monument Risiera di San Sabba, the only Nazi concentration camp in Italy, which dates back to the period between 8 September 1943 and 1 May 1945, when Trieste was separated from Italy and became a province of the Third Reich.
From Risiera di San Sabba, the tour moves to the Foiba of Basovizza (National Monument), where thousands of people were killed during the 40 days of Yugoslavian occupation (between 1 May and 12 June 1945).
If the weather allows it, from Basovizza one can admire the beautiful views of the Gulf of Trieste and the Slovenian side of the Istrian peninsula and part of the border between Italy and Slovenia, recently “abolished” when Slovenia became part of the Schengen Area.
From the Foiba of Basovizza, back down to Trieste, passing in front of Rittmayer Palace, where, in 1944, 51 Italian citizens where hung by the German occupation army after an act of reprisal.
The tour then reaches Piazza Sant’Antonio, where in November 1953 the police of the Allied Military Government shot protesting crowds killing 6 people.
From Piazza S. Antonio to Piazza Unità d’Italia, where on 26 October 1954 troops of the Italian Army entered the city for the second and last time.
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